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English Tense-Aspect-Mood

By , 19 September 2011

English Tense-Aspect-Mood

Useful examples of the different tense/aspect/moods that are used in English.

English Tense-Aspect-Mood
potential      I can eat
hypothetical   I could eat
conditional    I would eat
deliberative   I should eat
optative       I might eat
obligatory     I must eat
obligatory     I have to eat
obligatory     I had better eat
dubitive       I will probably eat
future simple  I will eat
future simple  I am going to eat
predictive     I bet I eat
future prog    I will be eating, then
future perf    I will have eaten
fut perf prog  I will have been eating
promissive     I promise I will eat
not yey        I have not yet eaten
indicitave     I eat
past habitual  I used to eat
presumptive    Even if I eat, I will still be hungry
comparitive    I eat more than you
comparitive    I eat faster than you
permissive     May I eat?
jussive        Please, may I eat?
hortative      Let's eat
imperitive     Eat!
progressive    I am eating
prog cont      I am still eating
prohibitive    Don't eat!
recent past    I just ate
past prog      I was eating
past simpl     I ate
pres perf      I have eaten
pres perf cont I have been eating
speculative    I could have eaten
past perf      I had eaten
past perf cont I had been eating
deductive      I must have eaten to much

About Roger Keays

English Tense-Aspect-Mood

Roger Keays is an artist, an engineer, and a student of life. Since he left Australia in 2009, he has been living as a digital nomad in over 40 different countries around the world. Roger is addicted to surfing. His other interests are music, psychology, languages, and finding good food. Click here to subscribe to his weekly blog, or stalk him on Facebook and Twitter.

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